Increasingly surgical clinical trials research needs to adapt to the changing health environment as we move to personalised health approaches, a greater awareness of the need to inform global health and to address generalisability across cultures and health service structures. This leads to the requirement for international collaboration in clinical trial conduct. International trial conduct is however more complex which can cause significant time delays, hinder efficient delivery and hence delay the potential for patient benefit. This toolkit aims to unlock the potential of international collaboration by guiding the efficient set-up and conduct of international surgical trials to provide efficient, faster delivery of surgical research by UK researchers.


Collaboration Models

Collaborative working models for international clinical trials


Key considerations for the design and implementation of international clinical trials

Case Studies

A selection of case studies of surgical trials involving international recruitment

This study/project is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) CTU Support Funding scheme. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care.